Places We Visit Torbanlea
Articles > Places We Visit Torbanlea
Janis & Sampe Allen
April 4th 2016, 9:57am
Updated October 4th 2019, 10:13pm
Places that we visit & perhaps stay longer than intended have an enticing nature whether that be a negative or positive energy.
If we have time we tap into the energy & also research the origin of town or place meanings as to a large part of why these energies occur, of course there are other factors such as ley lines, sacred places or mishappenings! This place is the only one we found suitable out of the many places that we have been in the past 8 months to cleanse and charge our crystals including our crystal ball on a full moon.
Strange Mist Only On The Racecourse.
At the moment we are in Torbanlea, Queensland, Australia.
Now this place can give a feeling of recharging, as long as you do not sleep on the ground, which a few people that have stayed here commented the same feelings.
The name Torbanlea is believed to have been suggested by mining manager, James Robertson, after Torbane Hill in Scotland.
Now lets break up the name Torbanlea and see just what we can learn? Keeping in mind that the origin of Torbanlea is suggested that it is derived from the name Torbane Hill in Scotland, we look at -bane- as well.
The Oxford dictionary meaning is - Old English torr, perhaps of Celtic origin and related to Welsh tor 'belly' and Scottish Gaelic tòrr 'bulging hill'.
The Oxford dictionary meaning is - cause of great distress or annoyance. Something, especially poison, which causes death.
The Oxford dictionary meaning is: an open area of grassy or arable land.
History of the Torbanlea coal mine.
The Burrum and Wide Bay districts also became active centres for coal mining, with many migrants from Wales settling in the area and working in the industry.
It was known that coal existed at Torbanlea, a site north-west of Maryborough, since at least the late 1860s, with exploratory shafts being sunk and then abandoned intermittently until James Robertson, a mine engineer from Scotland, identified a potentially profitable deposit and floated a company, the Torbanlea Colliery Company, to mine it. The company subdivided land and built cottages for miners, and by 1883 there was a small but growing town on the site, complete with a railway station, hotels, and a school.
The mine itself was excavated in a pillar and stall method, whereby cavities ("rooms") approximately 7 yards (6.4 m) in width were excavated first, separated by "pillars" that were 14 yards (13 m) in width. Once the rooms were all excavated, the pillars were then removed, in a specific order so as to avoid a mine collapse. The removal of the pillars had almost been completed by 1900 when the accident occurred.
At around 1 pm on 21 March, a rumbling sound was heard from within the mine, followed by a rush of air, and then a sheet of flame rushed through the upper part of the shaft as the flammable gases which had concentrated within the mine combusted. Two surviving witnesses close to the location of the explosion stated later that they had not felt any "shock or violence". A number of mining carts in the dip, not far from the site of the explosion, were found not to have moved, although a door was blown open by the force of the explosion, and a number of men were blown over by the force of the blast on the upper levels.
Five men had been working next to a pillar to the right hand side of the dip, close to the centre of the explosion. They were carried out of the mine alive, the last man to be retrieved emerging half an hour after the explosion, where they were taken by train to a hospital in nearby Maryborough At the hospital, the five men all eventually succumbed to their injuries and died.
The five men killed during the explosion were:
- Amos Gambie
- Frederick Griggs
- Alexander Houston
- John Houston
- James Johnston
A statutory inquiry was set up following the accident, which met at Torbanlea on 3 April 1900. The four member panel concluded that a rockfall within the mine had liberated a large quantity of flammable gas, which had then ignited, causing the explosion. The board did not apportion blame to any party, and stated that in their opinion the accident could not have been foreseen, nor prevented.
Following this statutory inquiry, the Queensland Parliament set up a royal commission to investigate the causes of the accident, and to make recommendations as to how future incidents of the same time might be prevented. The five commissioners were:
The commission sat for 73 days and took evidence from 53 different witnesses. The commissioners also inspected a number of coal mines, not only in the Burrum district, but in other coal mining areas within Queensland, including around the Ipswich area. Their final report came to the conclusion that it was impossible to say with any certainty where the gas that had caused the explosion had originated from (although Fryar dissented from this finding by means of a rider, stating in the report that in his opinion there was enough evidence to conclude that the gas had originated in a seam of coal underneath the mine shaft floor), and that no blame could be apportioned to any party for the circumstances which had led to the accident.
The commission made a number of recommendations, including making mandatory the use of safety lamps within mines, improved certification and training for mine managers, more inspections and ventilation for working mines, and the enactment of separate legislation for the regulation of coal mines, which at that point were managed through the same act that regulated ore mines. Glassey made a separate recommendation that all coal mines should be examined daily for gas before workers were allowed to enter, regardless of whether gas had been previously detected.
Despite the very thorough nature of the report submitted by the Royal Commission, it was shelved and not acted upon until after the Mount Mulligan mine disaster killed 75 workers in 1921, in circumstances similar to those in Torbanlea. Following the Mount Mulligan disaster, many of the recommendations of the Royal Commission were adopted, including separate legislation for collieries and the prohibition of naked flames within coal mines.
- Bell, Peter (2012). Alas it seems cruel: the Mount Mulligan Coal Mine Disaster of 1921. Moorooka, Qld.: Boolarong Press. ISBN 1922109517.
- Brune, Jürgen (2010). Extracting the science: a century of mining research. Littleton, Colorado: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration. ISBN 0873353226.
- Murray, Georgina; Peetz, David (2010). Women of the Coal Rushes. University of New South Wales Press. p. 47. ISBN 9781742232218.
- Rands, William Henry; et al. (1900). Report of the Royal Commission on Accidents in Coal Mines (PDF). Brisbane: Royal Commission on Accidents in Coal Mines (Queensland).
- van de Wetering, Jodie (7 May 2010). "Digging up Burrum's coal mining history". ABC Wide Bay. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
- "Torbanlea". Queensland Places. University of Queensland. Retrieved 29 June 2014.